Ana English Vocabulary in Use - Elementary
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English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Book with Answers and Enhanced eBook_Vocabulary Reference and Practice, 3rd-2017_(Michael McCarthy, Felicity O’Dell).pdf
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University Printing House, Cambridge CB2 8BS, United Kingdom One Liberty Plaza, 20th Floor, New York, NY 10006, USA 477 Williamstown Road, Port Melbourne, VIC 3207, Australia 4843/24, 2nd Floor, Ansari Road, Daryaganj, Delhi – 110002, India 79 Anson Road, #06–04/06, Singapore 079906 Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge. It furthers the University’s mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of education, learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence. www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/elt © Cambridge University Press 2017 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 2005 Third Edition 2017 A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library ISBN 978-1-316-63152-2 Edition with answers and ebook ISBN 978-1-316-63153-9 Edition with answers ISBN 978-1-316-631546 ebook Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel timetables, and other factual information given in this work is correct at the time of first printing but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter. Contents Thanks Introduction People 1 The family mother, uncle, relatives 16 Communications address, computer, memory stick 17 Your phone apps, voicemail, text Leisure 2 Birth, marriage and death birthday, married, die 18 Holidays package holiday, currency, visa 3 Parts of the body head, foot, shoulder 19 Shops and shopping chemist’s, department store, credit card 4 Clothes hat, shirt, trousers 20 5 Describing peo; ple tall, dark, good-looking Online shopping reviews, basket, delivery 21 6 Health and illness headache, heart attack, exercise In a hotel single room, key, luggage 22 7 Feelings love, tired, thirsty Eating out café, menu, fish and chips 8 Conversations 1: Greetings and wishes Good morning, Happy New Year, well done 23 Sports table tennis, judo, volleyball 24 Cinema western, film star, director 25 Free time at home gardening, listening to CDs, programme 26 Music and musical instruments guitar, jazz, orchestra 9 Conversations 2: Useful words and expressions I don’t mind, anyway, let’s At home The world 10 Food and drink rice, tea, vegetables 11 In the kitchen fridge, glass, saucepan 27 Countries and nationalities Spain, Chinese, continent 12 In the bedroom and bathroom wardrobe, shampoo, mirror 28 Weather cold, rain, storm 29 In the town railway station, bank, town hall 30 In the countryside hill, farm, river 31 Animals horse, giraffe, pet 32 Travelling train, map, flight 33 UK culture fireworks, roast beef, Christmas 13 In the living room bookshelf, lamp, remote control School and workplace 14 Jobs secretary, factory, nurse 15 At school and university biology, notebook, pass an exam English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 3 Social issues Words and grammar 34 Crime murder, prison, guilty 50 35 The media TV channel, magazine, talk show Conjunctions and connecting words because, only, before 51 36 Problems at home and work repair, untidy, in a bad mood Days, months, seasons Monday, July, winter 52 37 Global problems hurricane, war, strike Time words next year, often, once a week 53 Places middle, front, abroad Everyday verbs 54 Manner fast, loud, the right way 38 Have / had / had have breakfast, have time, have a swim 55 Common uncountable nouns money, bread, information 39 Go / went / gone go away, go shopping, go home 56 Common adjectives: Good and bad things nice, awful, lovely 40 Do / did / done do an exercise, do your best, do the washing 57 Words and prepositions wait for, belong to, good at 41 Make / made / made make coffee, make a mistake, make a noise 58 Prefixes impossible, ex- wife, unsafe 42 Come / came / come come in, come from, come back 59 Suffixes swimmer, useless, sunny 60 Words you may confuse quiet / quite, lend / borrow, cook / cooker 43 4 Take / took / taken take the bus, take a photo, take an exam 44 Bring / brought / brought bring something here, bring back, take 45 Get / got / got get tired, get better, get married 46 Phrasal verbs get up, put on, turn down 47 Everyday things watch TV, wash clothes, go for a walk 48 Talking say, tell, ask 49 Moving walk, drive, fly English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Answer key Phonemic symbols Index Irregular verbs How to learn vocabulary Acknowledgements How to use the ebook █████████ Thanks Sabina Ostrowska wrote two new units for the Third Edition: Unit 17, Your phone, and Unit 20, Online shopping. The publishers would like to thank Sabina for her contribution to this new edition. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 5 Introduction To the student This book will help you learn around 1, 250 new words and phrases. You can use the book yourself, without a teacher. You can do the units in any order you like. If you have the edition with the ebook, you can listen to the pronunciation of all the new vocabulary, and highlight text. see page 171 for more information about the ebook. Here is what the pages look like: The left-hand page presents the new vocabulary. The left-hand page is divided into sections. Common mistakes and learning tips are also given on the left-hand page. The right-hand page practises the new vocabulary. Pictures, tables and diagrams give variety to the exercises. Diagrams and pictures show the meaning. Example sentences show the words in context. Mini-dialogues show how people use the words in real situations. A lot of diff erent exercise types are used: gap-fills, answering questions, matching, etc. Over to you tasks give you a chance to do more work on the topic of the unit. The Answer key at the end of the book is for you to check your answers to the exercises aft er you do them. The Answer key sometimes has more than one answer. This is because there is oft en not just one correct way of saying something. The Answer key also has possible answers for most of the exercises which are open-ended, or where you are asked to talk about yourself. The Index at the end of the book has all the important words and phrases from the left-hand pages. The Index also tells you how to pronounce words. There is a list of phonemic symbols to help you understand the pronunciation on page 158. It is a good idea to have a dictionary with you when you use the book so you can check the meaning of something, or translate a word into your own language. sometimes, you will also need a dictionary for the exercises; we tell you when this is so. You also need a vocabulary notebook to write down new words. see page 170 for ideas on how to learn and remember these new words. We hope you like this book. When you have finished all the units in this book, you can go to the next bookintheseries, EnglishVocabularyinUse:Pre-intermediateandIntermediate, andafterthat,tothe higher levels, English Vocabulary in Use: Upper-intermediate and English Vocabulary in Use: Advanced. 6 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary To the teacher This book can be used in class or as a self-study book. It is intended for learners at A1–A2 levels of the Council of Europe scale. It aims to take learners with a very basic level of vocabulary to a point where they can use approximately 2,000 words and phrases and teaches them around 1, 250 new words and phrases. The vocabulary has been chosen for its usefulness in everyday situations, and we consulted a written and spoken corpus of present-day English to help us decide on the words and phrases to be included. The new vocabulary (on average 20–30 items per unit) is presented with photos or illustrations and explanations on the left-hand page, and there are exercises and activities on the right-hand page. There is an Answer key and an Index with pronunciation for all the key vocabulary. The book focuses not just on single words, but also on useful phrases and collocations. For example, difficult teaching points such as the difference between do and make are dealt with through collocation (we do our homework, but we make mistakes), and useful phrases (e.g. come along) are presented. The book is organised around everyday topics, but also has units devoted to core verbs such as get and bring / take. Typical errors are indicated where appropriate, and the most typical meanings and uses are focused on for each key item. The units in the book can be used in any order you like, but it is often a good idea to do blocks of units based round the same topic (e.g. People, At home, Leisure). The right-hand pages offer a variety of different types of activities, including traditional ones such asgap-filling,butalsomoreopen-endedonesandpersonalisedactivitieswhichenablelearnersto talkabouttheirownlives.Althoughtheactivitiesandexercisesaredesignedforself-study,theycan easilybeadaptedforpairwork,groupworkorwhole-classactivitiesintheusualways.Forexample, where there are dialogues, students can take the speaking parts and practise the conversations, and where the exercises have questions and answers, students can practise asking each other the questions and answering them. See who has the best ideas for recording vocabulary in their notebook. The Answer key sometimes gives alternative answers to the exercises, and also gives possible model answers for the more personalised ones. When the learners have worked through a group of units, it is a good idea to repeat some of the work (for example, the exercises) and to expand on the meaning and use of key words and phrases by extra discussion in class, and find other examples of the key items in other texts and situations. This can be done at intervals of one to three months after first working on a unit. This is important, since it is usually the case that learners need five to seven exposures to a word or phrase before they can really know it, and no single book can do enough to ensure that words are always learnt first time. When your students have finished and reviewed all the units in this book, they can move on to the next book in this series: English Vocabulary in Use: Pre-intermediate and Intermediate, by Stuart Redman. Find more resources for teachers at www.cambridge.org We hope you enjoy using the book. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 7 1 A The family Family words A family tree for some of Anne and Ivan Sorokin’s relatives or relations. Henry + Diana Ivan + Anne Amelia Karen Jack George + Meena Ravi Kavita Ivan and Anne and their children Ivan is Anne’s husband and Karen and Jack’s father. Anne is Ivan’s wife and Karen and Jack’s mother. Anne and Ivan are Karen and Jack’s parents. Karen is Anne and Ivan’s daughter. Jack is their son. Karen is Jack’s sister. Jack is Karen’s brother. Henry and Diana Henry is Karen and Jack’s grandfather. Diana is their grandmother. Henry and Diana are Karen and Jack’s grandparents. Karen is Henry and Diana’s granddaughter. Jack is their grandson. Amelia, George and Meena George is Karen and Jack’s uncle. Amelia and Meena are Karen and Jack’s aunts. Karen is Amelia, George and Meena’s niece. Jack is their nephew. Kavita and Ravi are Karen and Jack’s cousins. B Expressions Have you got any brothers and sisters? Do you come from a big family? No, I am an only child. Yes, I have three brothers and two sisters. Common mistakes We say ‘my/his wife’ (singular) but ‘our/their wives’ (plural). 8 EnglishVocabularyinUseElementary Audio not supported Exercises 1.1 Look at the family tree on the opposite page. Complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1.2 Kavita is Ravi’s Ravi is Kavita’s Anne is Kavita’s Ivan is Ravi’s Diana is Ravi’s Henry is Kavita’s Ravi is Ivan’s Kavita is Ivan’s Meena is Kavita’s Meena is George’s Karen is Ravi’s sister TheSorokinshavesomeotherrelatives.Completethesentencesaboutthem. Sanjay Alexander and Leila uncle and Sanjay’s wife is their Meenahasabrother,Sanjay.SanjayisKavitaandRavi’s 1 2 3 . Sanjay and his wife have one son, Prem. Prem is an . 4 5 Henry’sparentsarestillalive.AlexanderisHenry’s and his Leila is 6 7 Henry’s . Alexander and Leila have three –Amelia, Ivan and George. 8 9 Ivan and George and their , Anne and Meena, love their and visit them as often as possible. 1.3 Ask a friend these questions. Then write sentences about your friend and their family. For example, Marta has one brother but no sisters. 1 2 3 4 5 1.4 Have you got any brothers and sisters? Have you got any cousins? Have you got any nieces or nephews? Have you got any grandparents? Do you come from a big family? Cover the opposite page. How many family words can you write down in two minutes? Check what you wrote carefully with the book. Did you spell everything correctly? Which words did you forget? Over to you Draw your family tree. Then write sentences. Write about your relations. Use a dictionary to help you. Marta is my mother. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 9 2 A Birth, marriage and death Birth Anna had a baby yesterday. He was born at 1.15 yesterday morning. He weighed 3 kilograms. They are going to call him John – after John, his grandfather.Hisgrandfather’sbirthdayisJune 16th too – but he was born in 1957! The baby’s parents were born in 1986. Common mistakes Anna had a baby [NOT Anna got a baby]. He/ She was born [NOT He/ She born or He/ She is born]. B Marriage The wedding If you do not have a partner, you are single. If you have a husband or wife, you are married. If your husband or wife dies, you are widowed. If your marriage breaks up, you are separated / divorced. [the marriage has legally ended] Harry and Sarah got married. They (got) married in 2001. (married without got is more formal) They went on their honeymoon to Italy. They were married for 15 years. (bride) groom Common mistakes Sarah got married to Harry [NOT with Harry]. C bride Death Then Harry became ill. He died last year. He died of a heart attack. Common mistakes Harry is dead [NOT Harry is died or Harry is death]. The funeral 10 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 2.1 Think of people you know. Where were they born? When? 1 My mother was born in Scotland on July 4th 1967. 2 3 4 5 2.2 Find a word on the opposite page which means … 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2.3 thenameforawomanonherweddingday. bride thenameforamanonhisweddingday. whatyouareifyouhaven’tgotapartner. tobe57kilograms. whatyouareifyourmarriagehaslegallyended. areligiousserviceforadeadperson. aholidayafterawedding. whatyouareifyourhusbandorwifedies. Completethesentenceswithwordsfromthebox. in 1 after of to born on 2003 Anne got married 2 Daniel Smith. Unfortunately, Daniel’s 3 grandmother,LydiaSmith,died old age soon after their wedding. Daniel and Anne were 4 their honeymoon when she died. Anne’s baby daughter was 5 two years 6 later. They called the baby Lydia, Daniel’s grandmother. 2.4 In When were these people born and when did they die? Write sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 2.5 Complete the sentences using died, dead or death. 1 2 3 4 5 2.6 Genghis Khan (1162–1227) Genghis Khan was born in 1162 and died in 1227. Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) Princess Diana (1961–1997) Heath Ledger (1979–2008) Kelly’s grandfather died last year. made her very sad. His Her grandmother has been for five years now. of a heart attack. She . Now all Kelly’s grandparents are Write about your family. Use words and expressions from the opposite page. Here are some ideas for making your sentences. I have . I/my got married in (year). For my/his/her honeymoon, I/he/she went to . I have / My has children. They were born in (years). English Vocabulary in Use Elementary and 11 3 A Parts of the body hair eye nose tooth / teeth ear Head and face mouth lip neck B Arm and leg shoulder leg knee nail thumb finger foot / feet toe hand arm C Rest of body chest back side waist stomach hip We have skin covering our bodies. D Inside the body heart E brain blood Pronunciation problems eye /aɪ/ knee /niː/ stomach /ˈstʌmək/ heart /hɑːt / blood /blʌd/ foot /fʊt/ tooth /tuːθ/ F Singular and plurals one foot – two feet one tooth – two teeth Hair is a singular word. My hair is very long – I must cut it soon. Common mistakes Usually we use my, your, his, her, etc. with parts of the body. Katie is washing her hair [NOT Jane is washing the hair]. I have a pain in my leg [NOT I have a pain in the leg]. (See Unit 6: Health and illness.) 12 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 3.1 Here are the names of some parts of the body with the letters mixed up. What are they? 1 2 3 4 5 3.2 are hotot buhtm akbc tiwas Ahandhasfive fingers . Afoothasfive . Anadulthas32 . Yousmellwithyour . The is a symbol of love. 6 7 8 9 Youhearwithyour . Thechildsatonherfather’s . Your type can be A, B, AB or O. You think with your . I have a pain in the side. I have a pain in my side. That woman has got very big foots. My grandfather has a pain in the shoulder. The baby has already got two tooths. The little girl needs to wash the face and the hands before dinner. My hairs are dirty. I need to wash them. Parts of the body are often used in compound nouns too. Complete these nouns with a word from the opposite page. 1 2 3.5 6 7 8 9 10 Correct the mistakes in the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 3.4 knee Complete these sentences with words from the opposite page. 1 2 3 4 5 3.3 eken osen rathe hamcost olderush arm chair ball 3 stick 5 scarf 4 brush 6 bag Complete the crossword. Look at the pictures. 1 2 2 2 4 4 3 3 1 5 5 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 13 4 A Clothes Clothes coat jacket scarf gloves shoes trainers boots suit hat skirt tie socks T-shirt B watch shirt dress belt ring sweater / jumper Plural words These words are always plural in English. They need a plural verb. trousers jeans shorts tights glasses pyjamas sunglasses My suit is new but these trousers are old. Her jeans / shorts / tights are blue. Note: You say: a pair of trousers / shorts / glasses, etc. C Verbs You wear clothes but you carry things. You wear glasses. Naomi is wearing a long blue coat. She’s carrying a suitcase and a handbag. You can also say: Naomi has (got) a blue coat on. You carry a bag and an umbrella. In the morning you get dressed or put your clothes on. At night you get undressed or you take your clothes off. Common mistakes Tip You put clothes on but you take clothes off When you get dressed in the morning, say to yourself Now I’m putting on my socks. Now I’m putting on my shoes and so on. [NOT put clothes off]. 14 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 4.1 Complete the sentences. 1 Joe has a job interview today, so he’s wearing a smart suit , a white sh andat . and sh s. 2 Julia’s not working today, so she’s wearing a T3 Lucy is going to play tennis. She’s wearing white s s and tr s. 4 Gianni is going to a business meeting. He’s ingab with his papers and laptop. 5 My trousers are too big. I have to wear a b . 6 It’scoldtoday.I’llwearmyj ,andI’lltakemyc too. 4.2 Match the item of clothing with the part of the body. scarf belt shoe 1 hat glove glasses tights 4 3 ring 6 8 7 2 5 4.3 Complete the sentences with one of the verbs in the box and put it in the right form. be 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4.4 wear carry have Tim’s jeans are blue and his T-shirt Julia jeans and a T-shirt today. Meena got a red coat on and she Sarah’s dress old but her shoes Last year Harry’s trousers white. Now they this a new pair of jeans? My favourite pyjamas dark green. Kim a new pair of shorts. Label the picture. red. some flowers. new. grey. 1 sunglasses 10 2 9 3 8 4 7 5 4.5 morning get or 4.6 6 Complete the verbs in the table. night dressed get your clothes on or your clothes off What are you wearing today? Use a dictionary to help you. I’m wearing a white T-shirt and a blue jumper. I’ve got a pair of black trousers on. I’m wearing blue socks and white trainers. I’ve also got a watch and a pair of glasses on. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 15 5 A Describing people Height /haIt/ and weight /weIt/ Bettina Schwenke is a very tall woman. Tom Jakes is quite short. If you aren’t tall or short, you are of medium height. Bettina Schwenke Tom Jakes Agata Sanchez is really slim. I was very thin when I was in hospital. [slim is more polite than thin] Agata Sanchez The doctor said I am overweight. [weigh too much] Their cat is very fat. It needs to go on a diet. B Face and head Suri has dark skin and dark hair. She has brown eyes. Polly has blonde (or fair) hair and fair skin. She has blue eyes. Ben has a beard and long hair. He has green eyes. Luca has a moustache /mʊˈstɑːʃ/ and short hair. You can also use has got, for example, Suri has got dark hair and dark skin. My mother is a very beautiful woman. [very pretty] My dad’s a very good-looking man. Suri Polly Common mistakes People are tall [NOT People are high]. People have blonde or dark hair [NOT hairs]. Ben Luca My sister is pretty. (usually girls / women only) Bob’s an ugly man. [ugly = the opposite of beautiful or good-looking] I’m not ugly or beautiful, I’m just average-looking! C Age My grandmother is 97. She’s very old. My sister is 14. She’s young, but would like to be older. My father is 56. He’s middle-aged, but would like to be younger! This hospital is for elderly people. (more polite than old) D Expressions A: How tall is Bettina / Tom? B: She’s 1.85 metres tall. / He’s 1.48 metres tall. A: How heavy are you? / How much do you weigh? B: I weigh 62 kilos / 74 kilos, etc. A: How old is he? B: He’s 84. A: What does Gemma / your sister look like? B: She’s tall and dark. She’s very pretty. Tip Some of the words on this page are a little negative, so be careful how you use them. It’s better not to say to someone: ‘You are fat / thin / ugly / old.’ 16 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 5.1 Complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5.2 He’s only 1 metre 52. He’s quite.short Very people are often good at basketball. Models are usually . Does she have dark skin? No, it’s . She’s only seven. She’s very . If I eat too much I’ll be . My grandmother is in this hospital. It’s a hospital for Complete the questions using the words in brackets (). 1 How tall is your brother? He’s about 1 metre 75. 2 Is No, she’s got dark hair. 3 Is Yes, it is quite long. 4 Are Not really, they’re middle-aged. 5 Is Yes, she’s very pretty. 6 Why She’s very ill. 5.3 (your brother) ? (Elena’s hair) ? (Mike’s hair) ? (your parents) ? (his sister) ? (Sara, so thin) Write sentences about the people in these pictures. Felicity 1 2 3 4 5.4 Jeff Anika Stefan Felicity’s got blonde hair and fair skin. Jeffhas Anika’s got and he Stefan’s hair is Write questions. 1 2 3 4 5 6 5.5 people. (don’t use ‘ old’) your brother, height your teacher, looks you, weight your mother, age your sister, height your parents, looks How tall is your brother? Now write answers to the questions in 5.4. 1 He’s not very tall. He’s 1 metre 52. Over to you Write down the names of three people you know. Then write about their: • eyes (colour) • height (tall, short, medium height) • hair (colour, long, short, beard) • looks (pretty, average-looking, etc.) English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 17 6 A Health and illness How are you today? I’m very well, thanks. I’m fine, thanks. I don’t feel very well. I must go home and rest. (I’ll probably be OK tomorrow.) I feel ill. Can you get a doctor, please? (Perhaps it’s a serious problem.) That fish was bad. I think I’m going to be sick! (I want to vomit.) B Everyday problems Have you got an aspirin? I’ve got a headache. /'hedeIk/ I’ve got toothache. /ˈtuːθeɪk/ I need to go to the dentist. I’m going to bed with a hot drink. I’ve got a cold. C Problems people have for many years / all their lives I get hay fever every summer, from flowers and grass. I sneeze all day. /sniːz/ My little brother has asthma; sometimes he can’t breathe. /ˈæsmə/ D Illnesses in hot / tropical countries mosquito E In some countries, mosquitoes can give people malaria. /məˈleərɪə/ The drinking water was bad, and many children had cholera. /ˈkɒlərə/ Serious illnesses Every year cancer kills many people who smoke. /ˈkænsə/ My father went to hospital when he had a heart attack. F Common mistakes My father had a heart attack [NOT got a heart attack]. Expressions A Do you have a healthy diet? B Yes, I eat lots of fruit and vegetables. A Do you exercise? B Yes, I like swimming, jogging and cycling. They’re really good for you. A I feel stressed! B Do you? You need to relax more and don’t panic about work! 18 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 6.1 Complete the dialogues. 1 A: B: A: 2 A: B: A: B: 3 A: B: A: 4 A: B: A: 5 A: B: A: 6.2 How are you today? Very well, thanks. Good! Are you OK? No, Would you like to use the bathroom? Yes, thank you. I I’ll get a doctor. Oh, thank you. Here’s the dentist’s phone number. Thanks. Your nose is red. Have you got Yes. Have a hot drink and go to bed early. ? Match the illnesses in the table with a possible treatment. gotothedentist takeanaspirin gotohospital illness treatment a headache take an aspirin gotobedwithahotdrink toothache a heart attack a cold 6.3 What illnesses are connected with … 1 2 3 4 5 6.4 a mosquito bite? malaria bad drinking water? pollution, traffic fumes, etc.? grass, flowers, sunshine, etc.? smoking, unhealthy diet, no exercise? Answer these questions. Use a dictionary to help you. 1 2 3 4 5 Do you have a healthy diet? What exercise do you do? Do you often feel stressed? Have you ever been in hospital? Do you get hay fever in summer? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 19 7 A Feelings Love, like and hate ++ love + like – don’t like –– hate I love my family and my best friend. I like my job. I don’t like horror films. I hate spiders. B Happy, sad and tired happy thirsty sad hungry angry well upset ill cold hot tired surprised Common mistakes I am very happy about your news [NOT I am very happy for your news]. BUT You did very well in your exam – I’m very happy for you. C Prefer, hope and want I prefer coffee to tea. (= I like coffee more than I like tea.) I hope to do well in my exam. I hope (that) my friend does well in his exam. I want a new car. [I would like] I want to buy a new car. Note: I want my mother to buy a new car. D Common mistakes I want you to help me [NOT I want that you help me]. Expressions A Do you like football? B Yes, I really like football / it. No, I don’t like football / it very much. A How’s your grandfather? B He’s very well, thanks. A And how about your grandmother? B She’s a bit / a little tired. 20 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Common mistakes [NOT I very like football / it. or I like very much football / it.] Exercises 7.1 Do you love, like, not like or hate these things? Write sentences. 1 2 3 4 7.2 chocolate I love chocolate. cowboy films flying tea 5 6 7 8 football cats cars jazz music Which do you prefer? Write answers. 1 tea or coffee? I prefer coffee to tea. 2 dogs or cats? 3 sunbathing or sightseeing? 7.3 Answer these questions using want or hope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 7.4 7.5 4 cars or bikes? 5 strawberry or chocolate ice cream? 6 watching sport or doing sport? You’re thirsty. What do you want? I want glass of water. The lesson feels very long. What do you hope? You’re hungry. What do you want? Your friend feels ill. What do you hope? You’re tired. What do you want to do? You’re upset. What do you want to do? It’s very cold weather. What do you hope? Your friend feels sad. What do you want? Look at the pictures. How do the people feel? Use words from B opposite. 1 Jessica 4 Sunita 2 Nicholas 5 Fiona 3 Max 6 The children is hungry. Correct the mistakes. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 I very like basketball. I like basketball very much. I am happy for my sister’s good news. The teacher wants that we learn these new words. I like really spiders. My brother has a good new job. I’m very happy about him. My parents want that I go to university. I feel very well. How for you? Priya is bit tired this morning. Over to you When did you last feel … 1 surprised 2 hungry 3 tired 4 angry I felt surprised yesterday when I saw the news. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 21 8 A Conversations 1: Greetings and wishes Every day good morning good afternoon good evening How are you? Hello Fine, thanks. And you? Hi Not too bad, thanks. When we leave someone we usually say Goodbye and also perhaps See you soon! See you soon is quite informal. When someone goes to bed, we usually say Goodnight. We sometimes also say Sleep well. Don’t say Goodnight when you arrive somewhere, only when you leave. If you ask for something you usually say Please. If someone does something nice for you, you say Thank you or Cheers (informal). Cheers! B Excuse me! Sorry! Bless you! Special days When: you say: it’s someone’s birthday Happy Birthday! it’s Christmas Happy / Merry Christmas! /ˈkrɪsməs/ it’s New Year’s Day Happy New Year! someone is doing something difficult, e.g. taking an exam or having an interview for a job Good luck! someone has done something special, e.g. done well in an Congratulations! / Well done! exam or had a baby Common mistakes When it’s someone’s birthday we say: Happy Birthday [NOT Congratulations]. 22 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 8.1 Choose one of the phrases from the opposite page to fit the dialogues. 1 A: B: 2 A: B: 3 A: B: 4 A: B: 8.2 (sneezes) Atishoo! Bless you! I’m taking my driving test today. I passed my driving test! Goodbye. Excuse me! 2 Hello! Here’s your tea. 3 5 4 6 You want to go through a doorway. There are some people blocking it. A friend buys you a drink. A child says ‘Goodnight’ to you. You answer the phone at work. It is 10.30 am. You answer the phone at work. It is 3 pm. It is 2 am on January 1st. You meet a friend in the street. You are on a very crowded bus and you stand on someone’s foot. It is 24th December. You meet a friend on the bus. Excuse me! You meet Ann, an English friend. Reply to her. ANN: YOU: Good evening. Hello. ANN: How are you? ANN: It’s my birthday today. ANN: Would you like a drink? ANN: Here you are. YOU: YOU: YOU: YOU: 8.5 How are you? What do you say? Choose a phrase from the opposite page. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8.4 It’s my birthday today. What is the person saying in the pictures? 1 8.3 5 A: B: 6 A: B: 7 A: B: 8 A: B: Write a conversation between you and a friend. He / She has passed an exam. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 23 9 A Conversations 2: Useful words and expressions Words word example meaning actually People say bad things about her, but she’s actually very nice. in reality really The book is really good. very else Do you want to buy anything else? Or go somewhere else? in addition or different around I’ll meet you at around 6 o’clock. about or approximately anyway I’ll drive you home. I’m going that way anyway.1 Anyway, as I said, I woke up very late today.2 1 to give a reason for doing something 2 to return to an earlier subject Common mistakes Actually is a false friend in some languages - in English it means ‘in reality’ NOT ‘now’. B Expressions A: B: A: B: A: Why don’t we go to the cinema this evening? (used to make a suggestion) Good idea. Let’s go and see a film and then have a meal. (used to make a suggestion) OK! Which film do you want to see? I don’t mind. [It’s all the same to me.] It’s up to you. [You can decide.] How about / What about the new Angelina Jolie film? (used to make a suggestion) Common mistakes Why don’t we go … [NOT Why don’t we going] or Let’s go … [NOT Let’s going]. How about going … [NOT How about go] or What about going … [NOT What about go]. A: I was late for work today. B: Oh dear! Was your boss angry? (used when you are surprised or disappointed) A: I forgot to bring your book! B: Oh, it doesn’t matter. I don’t need it. [it’s not important] A: I’m sorry, but I can’t come to your party. B: What a pity! (used when you are disappointed) A: I passed my exam. B: Well done! A: Hurry up! The taxi’s here. [be quick] A: Look out! / Be careful! There’s a car coming. A: We need to buy Marta’s birthday present. B: Absolutely! What about getting her a scarf? (used when you agree strongly) A: I agree. Let’s go shopping this afternoon. Common mistakes I agree or I don’t agree [NOT I am agree or I’m not agree]. 24 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 9.1 Choose a word from A opposite to complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 9.2 Choose the correct answer. 1 2 3 4 5 9.3 It’s boring here. Let’s go somewhere else. There were 20 people at the lecture. It’s a lovely photo! Have you had enough to eat? Would you like anything ? He said he was a doctor but he’s still a medical student. The journey takes two hours. I don’t like skiing and about / anyway / else I’m not free that weekend. I don’t mind / matter / agree what we do. It’s all the same to me. It’s up to you / Let’s / I agree invite Rachel to dinner tonight. Be careful / What a pity / Oh dear in London. There’s lots of traffic there. I don’t have time to go to the cinema and really / absolutely / anyway I’ve seen that film already. Choose an expression from the box to fit these situations. Well done! Hurry up! 1 2 9.4 Oh dear! Oh dear! It’s up to you. What a pity! Look out! 3 I didn’t get that job. 5 4 Do you want to go to the party or not? 6 Correct the eight mistakes in the dialogue. VERA: LUKE: VERA: LUKE: VERA: LUKE: VERA: LUKE: We need to celebrate. I got a new job! Well made! done How about go out for a meal this evening? Great! Let go to that Italian restaurant. Or do you prefer the Chinese one? I don’t mind it. I like the Italian one but it’s very expensive. Oh, it isn’t matter. OK. Why don’t we going to the Italian restaurant and then we could go to the cinema afterwards? Your new job needs a special celebration. I’m agree. And I’d love to see that film with George Clooney. Would you? Absolute! English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 25 10 A Food and drink Everyday food Would you like some bread? I love sushi because I love rice. Pasta is good for you, but don’t eat too much! I always put salt on my chips, but not pepper. My sister never eats meat or fish. She’s vegetarian. Do you take sugar in tea or coffee? Common mistakes Can I have some bread? [NOT Can I have a bread?] B Fast food I eat hamburgers, hot dogs and pizzas when I don’t have much time. Fish and chips is popular in Britain, Australia and New Zealand. C Fruit /fruːt/ and vegetables /ˈvedʒtəbəlz/ Vegetables are good for you. Fruit is also good for you. (singular, uncountable) Vegetables carrots Fruit beans potatoes tomatoes peas onions /ˈʌnjənz / garlic mushrooms apple pineapple orange /ˈpaɪnæpl/ banana pear /ˈɒrɪndʒ/ /peə/ grapes strawberries /ˈstrɔːbrɪz/ Common mistakes I love fruit [NOT I love fruits]. D Drinks tea coffee milk fruit juice beer wine mineral water Tip Go to a supermarket. How many different kinds of food or drink have English names on them? Try to learn some of them. 26 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 10.1 Complete the sentences. Use words from the opposite page. 1 2 3 4 5 6 10.2 Rice is popular in Japan. and are very popular in Italy. Chips are made from Many British people eat Hamburgers are made from A is a sausage inside a piece of bread. Put these words into two lists: fruit and vegetables. beans pineapple grapes onions apple carrot fruit garlic pear mushrooms vegetables beans 10.3 Write the names of these fruit and vegetables. 1 banana 2 10.4 4 6 tea 4 fecofe 5 rituf eciju 6 nilemar retaw Choose a, b or c. 1 2 3 4 5 6 10.6 5 Here are the names of some drinks with the letters mixed up. What are they? 1 eta 2 rebe 3 klim 10.5 3 Vegetarians do not eat a) vegetables b) meat c) fast food. Garlic is a kind of a) fruit b) fast food c) vegetable. You put a) salt b) beer c) sugar in coffee. Which is correct a) pinapple b) pineapple c) pieapple? The first sound in onion is the same as the sound in a) fun b) orange c) man. A pear is a) a drink b) a vegetable c) a fruit. What are your four favourite foods? And your three favourite drinks? Are they good for you? Use a dictionary to help you. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 27 11 A In the kitchen What’s in the kitchen? cupboard shelf freezer fridge microwave tap worktop sink bin B washing machine cooker Things we use in the kitchen dishwasher coffee maker teapot saucepan kitchen roll tea towel washing-up liquid C frying pan cloth Things we use for eating and drinking fork cup knife chopsticks spoon bowl mug plate D Expressions A: Where can I find a mug / a cloth / some kitchen roll? B: They are in the cupboard. A: Can I help with the washing-up / cooking? B: Yes, please! You can dry the plates. / You can cook some rice. A: Where does this cup / plate / frying pan go? B: Put it in this cupboard, please. Tip Stick labels on objects in your kitchen with their English names on them. You will see these every day and this will help you to learn the words. 28 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary glass Exercises 11.1 Tick (✓) yes or no. Write sentences for the wrong answers. yes no 1 2 3 4 5 6 11.2 I use a glass / a cup / a mug to drink out of. Where’s the coffee? It’s in the cupboard. It’s on the cooker. Please put them on the worktop. Thanks. You can wash these plates and I’ll dry them. In the fridge on the bottom shelf. What do you need? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 11.4 ✓ Make questions for these answers. Use words from the opposite page. 1 2 3 4 5 11.3 I use a frying pan to drink out of. You use washing-up liquid to clean plates. The fridge is cold inside. The fridge is colder than the freezer. I turn on the tap to get water. A tea towel is for making tea. To make coffee I need a coffee maker, a cup, a spoon. To make tea I need To fry something I need To eat my food I need To drink some water I need To cook dinner in two minutes I need To wash plates, knives and forks I need To wash my clothes I need Look at the picture. Answer the questions. 1 What’s on the cooker? 2 What’s on the shelf? 3 4 5 6 a saucepan What’s in the cupboard under the shelf? Where’s the microwave? What’s next to the sink? What’s under the sink? (See Unit 53: Places.) English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 29 12 A In the bedroom and bathroom Bedroom bed bedside lamp alarm clock pyjamas dressing table comb chest of drawers B mirror Bathroom wardrobe toothpaste hairbrush bedside table toothbrush shelf soap basin razor shower C shampoo shower gel toilet towel Emma’s routine Emma goes to bed at 11 o’clock. She goes upstairs to her bedroom. She gets undressed and gets into bed. She reads for a bit. She turns off the light and falls asleep. She wakes up when her alarm clock rings. She has a shower, cleans her teeth She gets up. and gets dressed. She goes downstairs to the kitchen for breakfast. (See Unit 47: Everyday things.) 30 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 2 12.1 5 7 6 Look at the picture. Write the words next to the numbers. 1 12.2 3 4 pyjamas 10 9 8 Write down five more things that you need to take with you if you go to stay with a friend for one night. toothbrush 12.3 Look at the pictures. Describe what the people are doing. 1 Anne is cleaning her teeth. 2 Selim and Umit 3 Mrs Park 5 Jaime 4 Mr Park 6 Lee 12.4 What is in your bathroom? Write the things down. Use a dictionary to help you. 12.5 Are these sentences true about your bedroom? If not, change them to make them true. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 12.6 My bedroom is upstairs. My bedroom is not upstairs. I live in a flat. My bedroom has one large window. In my bedroom there is a big bed. There are two wardrobes, one on the left and one on the right of the room. I have a small bedside table. I’ve got a lamp and an alarm clock on my bedside table. There is a chest of drawers under the window. I haven’t got a dressing table. Complete this paragraph about your night-time and morning routine. into bed. I usually 1 go to bed at 2 . I get 3 and 4 5 6 7 asleep. I usually read a bit. I turn the light and 8 9 10 , I up when my alarm clock rings. I get . I have a 12 11 dressed. I go to the kitchen for breakfast. my teeth and English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 31 13 A books In the living room Things in the living room bookshelf (bookshelves) light window picture curtains lamp light switch TV hi-fi sofa socket remote control phone armchair B rug chair carpet Useful verbs Every evening I watch television. C coffee table table Sometimes I listen to the Sometimes I read a radio or listen to music. book. Expressions It’s getting dark. Can you close the curtains, please? Common mistakes OK. And I’ll switch the light on. Thanks. Now can you turn the radio off? And pass me the remote control. I want to turn on the TV. There’s a good programme on. The furniture in my room is white [NOT The furniture in my room are white]. 32 Sometimes I just relax. [rest and do nothing] English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 13.1 Write the names of … 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13.2 Match the words on the left with the words on the right. 1 2 3 4 5 6 13.3 switch on the relax in an close the pass the listen to the watch a TV b lamp c remote control d radio e armchair f curtains Correct the mistakes in the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 13.4 somewhere you can put books. a bookshelf somewhere two or three people can sit. somewhere you can put down your cup. something you can look at on the wall. something for switching the light on or off. something for listening to music. something under your feet. something for changing channels on the TV. This evening let’s just relax at home. This evening let’s just relax us at home. I don’t often listen the radio. We need some more bookshelfs in this room. I watched at television all evening yesterday. It’s dark now. Please make the curtains. Liam has some very nice furnitures in his house. Find 10 more words from this unit in the wordsearch. F T A L W X A E R L S O C K E D K A G L N T R E M O T E A Y C H A D E I P F C H B O O R O C F Y D T U I I U B C R I E F C O N T R A P J R G T I R U G K F P S I N E K I I R O L B H O G F E A I E L H S C R S T L E T V C E U A A I T U O Over to you Write about your living room at home. You can draw a plan of it first. What furniture is there in the room? What colour are the walls? Are there any pictures on them? What do you do when you are in your living room? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 33 14 A Jobs What’s his/her job? doctor teacher nurse mechanic farmer secretary B shop assistant traffic warden Expressions Sam What’s your job? Ben I’m a waiter. I work in a restaurant. What do you do? Sam I’m a taxi driver. Ben Is it an interesting job? Sam Yes, I like it. Where do you work? Sophie I work in an office. Sometimes it’s boring. My dad works in a factory which makes car parts. I worked in a shop at the weekends when I was a student. I want to work in a beauty salon as a hairdresser. I’d like to work in a children’s hospital. I’m a writer. I work at / from home. 34 engineer Jobs in the town police officer C hairdresser English Vocabulary in Use Elementary librarian bank clerk /klA:k/ Exercises 14.1 Where do they work? 1 2 3 4 5 6 14.2 A teacher works in a school / college / university. A doctor A waiter A secretary A shop assistant A hairdresser Match the pictures with the jobs in the box. nurse farmer secretary 1 engineer 3 farmer 14.3 taxi driver mechanic 5 2 4 6 Complete the crossword. Across 1 works on a bus 2 works in a school 3 writes books 1 b u s 1 d Down 1 works in a hospital 2 works in a restaurant 3 works with the doctor r v 3 3 2 2 3 14.4 t r Complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 14.5 w He works in a She’s an The traffic The The bank A police which makes electrical goods. . She builds roads and bridges. is checking all the parked cars. told me to return the book at the end of the month. changed some money for me. told me the way to the station. factory Answer the questions for yourself. 1 What do you do? 2 Where do you work? 3 Is it an interesting job? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 35 15 A At school and university Subjects English maths history geography biology art ICT (information communication technology) B PE (physical education) chemistry modern languages physics piece of paper pencil music Useful things noticeboard board notebook textbook drawing pin rubber board rubber OHP (overhead projector) pencil sharpener pen board pen DVD player desk whiteboard C computer ruler Expressions A maths teacher teaches maths. Her students study maths. Children go to school and students go to university. At school children learn to read and write. Students can do an (English) course in many schools and universities. At the end of a course, you often take / do an exam. You hope to pass your exams. You don’t want to fail your exams. If you pass your final exams at university, you get a degree. Common mistakes After school, students do homework [NOT make homework or do homeworks]. (See Units 40 and 41 for more expressions with do and make.) 36 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 15.1 Match the subject on the left with what you study on the right. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 maths physics history geography PE English chemistry biology ICT a b c d e f g h i animals and plants sport 25y + 32x = 51z E = mc2 H2O the countries of the world the 15th century computers spelling 15.2 Look at the picture for 30 seconds. Then cover it. How many of the ten objects can you remember? Write them down in English. 15.3 Which of the things in B on the opposite page are in the room where you study English? Write them here. In the room where I study English I can see 15.4 Choose a verb from C opposite to fill the gaps below. Put the verb in the correct form. his Ethan does well at school. He finds it easy to 1 learn and he always 2 3 4 his final school exams homework. He usually all his exams. He will 5 6 to university next year. If he soon. If he , he will 7 geography at university. He , he will be very sad. Ethan really wants to 8 9 a special geology course. His sister is already at university. Next year would also like to 10 her degree and then she will try to find a job. she will 15.5 Which are/were your three favourite subjects? Which subjects (if any) do / did you not like? Tip Draw two columns on a piece of paper. In one column write five words from the opposite page which you want to learn. In the second column put a drawing (or a translation or a definition). Cover the first column and look at the second column. Can you remember the English words? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 37 16 A Communications Letters address stamp envelope date letter letter box Don’t forget to put a stamp on the envelope. Don’t forget to post the letters. B Email and Internet computer screen keyboard mouse laptop memory stick Olivia gets a lot of emails from New York. You have to be careful what information you give people online. What’s your email address? Moll@cup.com (= Moll at C-U-P dot com /kɒm/) C Telephones and mobile devices mobile device mobile telephone phone box Juan makes a lot of phone calls. He phones his girlfriend every day. I always take my smartphone with me. I never turn it off. What’s your phone number? What’s your mobile number? 066530718 (= oh six six five three oh seven one eight / oh double six five ...) He’s not answering his phone. I’ll leave a voicemail and I’ll text him / send him a text (message). D Expressions Sue Hello. Nick Hello. It’s Nick here. Can I speak to Ahmed, please? Sue I’m sorry, he’s not here at the moment. Can I take a message? Nick Thanks. Could you just tell him I called. I’ll call back later. Sue OK. I’ll tell him. Goodbye. Nick Bye. 38 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Tip Use a search engine to find an example of a letter and an email in English. Write down any useful words or phrases in them. Exercises 16.1 Have you got any of the things on the opposite page? Make a list. mobile 16.2 What are the names of these things? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 16.3 9 keyboard 4 5 6 11 7 8 9 12 10 11 12 Complete this phone conversation. AMELIA: MEENA: AMELIA: MEENA: AMELIA: MEENA: 16.4 10 Hello. Hello. 1 It’s I’m 3 a message? It’s all right. I’ll 6 OK, then. Bye. Bye. Meena here. Can I 2 , he’s at work 4 to Amal, please? the moment. Can I 5 back later. Write down: 1 two telephone numbers that are important to you. 2 two email addresses that are important to you. Now read them aloud. 16.5 Answer these questions. 1 2 3 4 5 Do you prefer to text or phone your friends? Do you send more emails or more text messages? How often do you go online? Do you prefer to use a laptop or a mobile device? Do you often write letters? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 39 17 A Your phone Parts of a phone camera battery screen phone case apps power button charger SIM card B Using a smartphone Ramesh takes a lot of selfies and posts them online. Lisa didn’t answer her phone, so I left a voicemail. Can you text me the address of the restaurant? I haven’t been there before. I’ve just got a message from Andy. He wants to know if we’re going to the party. You can download an app with a dictionary to help you when you write in English. selfie While she was on holiday, Kelly called her family every day. C Expressions Amy Can you read that message on my phone, please? My hands are wet. Claire It’s locked. What’s the PIN? Amy You don’t need a PIN to unlock it. Just swipe the screen left to right. PIN swipe save Tim I can’t save any new photos. Emily Your phone memory is full. You need to delete some photos and messages. 40 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary delete Exercises 17.1 Match the things on your phone with what they do. 1 2 3 4 5 17.2 Tanya has a new app / battery for texting on the Internet. When your phone’s battery is low, you need a charger / camera. You can use my phone to voicemail / call Megan. Danny’s new phone has a great screen / camera. It takes amazing photos. I bought a new battery / SIM card in France, so that it was cheaper to call and use the Internet. I want to buy a new phone case / app. This one is old and dirty. Maria texted me last night, but I didn’t see her message until this morning. Carlos a lot of photos of his new dog and puts them on Facebook. What was the last app that you ? Lucy her sister. They talked about their holiday at the beach. Victor me a voicemail. He asked me to call him back. Complete the conversation with words from C. DEEPA: IREENA: DEEPA: IREENA: DEEPA: IREENA: 17.5 stores the information you need to use your phone covers the phone starts the phone takes photos shows pictures and words Complete these sentences with words from B. 1 2 3 4 5 17.4 a b c d e Choose the right words to complete these sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 17.3 camera SIM card screen phone case power button Can I look at your photos from the concert? it. Sure. Here’s my phone. Let me just put in the PIN to 1 unlock 2 right to see the next photo? That’s a great one! Do I Yes, that’s right. Did you delete the ones from the restaurant? them in a different folder. Here they are. No, I 3 Over to you Answer these questions for yourself. 1 Do you use a PIN to lock your phone? 2 Do you have a phone case? What does it look like? 3 What apps do you use most often? 4 Do you save all the photos you take, or do you delete some of them? 5 Have you taken a selfie recently? 6 Do you prefer to call or text people? Why? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 41 18 Holidays A Holiday (noun) B Types of holidays C Transport We had a lovely holiday in Egypt in 2014. I’m not working next week. I’m on holiday. Are you going on holiday this summer? We’re going on a package holiday to Hong Kong. [flights and hotel are included] We’re going to have a winter holiday this year. I want to go camping this year. [sleep in a tent] I’m going on a walking holiday in the Alps. A coach tour is an easy way to go on holiday. [travelling in a comfortable bus] by plane D by car by ferry your passport (if you are going to another country) a visa [a stamp that you need in your passport to go to some countries] your tickets some currency [money of the country you are going to] a camera your luggage /ˈlʌgɪdʒ/ (e.g. a suitcase or a rucksack) ticket currency camera Expressions A Are you flying to France from England? B No, we’re going by ferry. A What are you going to do in Madrid? B We want to try the local food and enjoy the nightlife [clubs, etc.]. A Have a great time! And send me a postcard! (See Unit 32: Travelling and Unit 49: Moving for more words about travel.) 42 by coach Don’t forget to take … passport E by train English Vocabulary in Use Elementary suitcase rucksack Exercises 18.1 Complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 18.2 Are you working on Monday? Are you on holiday this year? Did you have a good in Greece? Are you flying to Italy? I’m going to New York next week. B: B: B: B: B: No, I’m on holiday. Yes, I’m going camping. Yes, it was wonderful. No, I’m going train. Great! Please me a postcard. What type of holiday is each person talking about? 1 2 3 4 5 18.3 A: A: A: A: A: It was fun but the tent was very small. Everything was included - hotels and flights. We were on the coach for seven days. I was very tired. We walked about 20 kilometres every day. We went to Switzerland in December. There was a lot of snow. camping Look at the different ways of travelling. Put one tick (✓) for sometimes true, two ticks for often true and three ticks for always true. you can take a lot of luggage very fast cheap you see a lot as you travel relaxing ferry car ✓✓✓ plane 18.4 Write the names of these things you need for a holiday. 1 currency 2 18.5 5 4 6 What do we call: 1 2 3 4 5 18.6 3 something you take photos with? a c amera a special stamp in your passport to enter a country? a v something you fly in? a p something that you carry things on your back in? a r what people carry their clothes in when they go on holiday? a s Fill the gaps in this email. I’m having a great1 are open all night. The3 4 time here in Spain. The2 is great - the clubs food is very good - lots of sh and salads. Please send me a from your holiday in Italy. Love Alex English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 43 19 A Shops and shopping Kinds of shops butcher* post office department store supermarket chemist* bookshop newsagent* baker* gift shop * These words are also for people’s jobs. We often add ’s and say: I’m going to the newsagent’s to get a paper. Do you want anything from the butcher’s? B In the department store A department store is a large shop which sells a lot of different things - clothes, beauty products, toys, etc. Fourth floor Third floor Second floor First floor Ground Floor Basement C Signs in shops D Expressions z Toys z Restaurant z Furniture z Men’s Wear z Children’s Department z Women’s Wear z Beauty z Electricals z Food Shop assistant Can I help you? Customer Can I try this shirt on? (goes and tries it on) Have you got a bigger / smaller size / a different colour? Shop assistant No, I’m sorry. That’s the only one. Customer OK. I’ll take it. How much does it cost? Shop assistant £22. Customer Can I pay by cheque? Shop assistant No, credit card, debit card or cash, please. Customer Sorry, I only have a £50 note. I don’t have any change [coins or smaller notes]. Shop assistant That’s OK. Here’s your receipt. Would you like a (carrier) bag? 44 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 19.1 Match the item with the shop. toy shop butcher chemist baker gift shop 5 3 1 sausages aspirin 2 souvenir T-shirt 4 6 beach ball bread greeting cards 19.2 Where do you need to go? 1 2 3 4 5 6 19.3 I want to get a newspaper. the newsagent I’d like to buy food for a week. I need some stamps. We must get Michael a present. I’d like to buy a book. I want to buy some clothes for myself and my children in one shop. Look at the department store plan in B opposite. Which floor will you go to buy: 1 2 3 4 5 19.4 newsagent an armchair? lipstick? a cup of tea? a packet of tea? a skirt? third floor 6 7 8 9 10 some baby clothes? a tie? a TV? a bed? a doll? Write the words for these definitions. 1 a person who sells things in a shop shop assistant 2 money (not a cheque or credit/debit card) 3 a piece of paper that is worth £20 4 ‘plastic money’ 5 coins or small notes Now write definitions in English for these words/phrases. 6 a butcher’s 7 the first floor 19.5 Which sign tells you ... 1 2 3 4 5 19.6 8 a newsagent’s 9 the basement that you can give the money for the things you are buying here? that you can’t go into the shop? that the door will open towards you? that the door will open away from you? that you can go into the shop? Cash desk Fill the gaps in the dialogue. CUSTOMER: SHOP ASSISTANT: CUSTOMER: SHOP ASSISTANT: How much does this jacket 1 £50. I’ll take it, please. Can I 2 Certainly. I’ll put your receipt in the 3 ? by credit card? . English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 45 20 A Online shopping Buying something WOMEN MEN CHILDREN Your basket SALE (0) Search products SHOP BY PRODUCT Cotton T-shirt Colour: White T-shirts and tops Jumpers Blue Red Trousers and jeans Size: Small Shoes and boots Large Jackets and coats Price: £6.99 Delivery options: Medium Free Delivery (3-5 days) Next Day Delivery (delivery on 16 November) £5.99 HHHHH Add to basket Read the reviews B Today’s Date: 15 November Your order Delete this item Your Order Order Number: 5624890 Items: 2 T-shirts Size: Small Colour: White Total: £13.98 Free delivery (3-5 days) Delivery Address Name : Bernard Taylor House number : 145 Street : Shaftesbury Road City : Cambridge Post code : CB2 8RU Country : UK Phone number : 01223 238331 Email : email@example.com CHECKOUT Language help A post code (zip code in the US) is a long number at the end of an address. In the UK, it also contains letters (e.g. BA1 1LZ). A US zip code looks like this: 10509. C 46 1 2 Expressions 1 2 3 4 Lisa likes to shop online because it’s quick and easy. Most people pay for their online shopping with credit cards. Reading online reviews can help you choose what to buy. If you are not at home to receive the delivery, we will take it to the post office. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 3 4 Exercises 20.1 Match the words from A and B with the examples on the right. 1 2 3 4 5 6 20.2 size price delivery address post code credit card order number When you shop online, you can search for / collect the best price. You can read sizes / reviews from other people who bought the same thing. If you want to buy something, add / deliver it to your basket. If you don’t want to buy something that is in your basket, you can delete / order it. Don’t forget to check how much you will pay for delivery / order number. You can use your credit card / post code to pay for your shopping. Complete the dialogue with the words below. next day TOM: CUSTOMER CARE: TOM: CUSTOMER CARE: TOM: CUSTOMER CARE: 20.4 post code delivery order number of apair of shoes. I’m waiting for a 1 delivery 2 ? What’s your It’s G99215540000Z. ? And what’s your address and 3 31 Mill Road, WC2 5SN. I bought them yesterday and delivery. Will they be here today? I paid £5 for 4 I’m sorry. We’re very busy. Your order will be delivered tomorrow. Put these steps of buying a computer online in the correct order. 1 A B C D E F 20.5 MR12 6QA MasterCard 8167990012 small £12.89 7 Park Lane, Bristol Choose the right word to complete these sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 20.3 a b c d e f F 2 3 4 5 6 Wait at home for the delivery Add the computer to your basket Choose next day delivery Pay with a credit card Search for a website which sells the computer you want Read online reviews and choose which computer you want to buy Over to you Answer these questions. 1 Do people often shop online in your country? 2 Have you ever bought things online? If yes, what did you buy? 3 Do you usually read the reviews before you buy something? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 47 21 A In a hotel Places and things in the hotel reception form lift key bathroom bill shower phone luggage mini-bar B TV hairdryer Expressions in reception Do you have a single room [for one person] / a double room [for two people]? I have a reservation. [I booked a room] My name is … We’d like a room with a view of the sea. The receptionist may say: Here is your key. Your room is on the first floor. Take the lift. It’s over there. Would you like some help with your luggage? Can you fill in this form, please? Sign (your name) here, please. [write your name] Please check your bill [make sure it is correct]. When you leave you say: Can I check out, please? Can I have the bill, please? C Asking questions about hotel services How much is a single room with a bathroom? Can I order room service? How do I get an outside line? (You want to phone someone who is not in the hotel.) What is the code for Poland? Can I have breakfast in my room, please? Can I have a wake-up call at 6.30, please? (You want to wake up at 6.30.) What time is breakfast / lunch / dinner? Can I (ex)change some money, please? 48 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 21.1 21.2 Look at the pictures and complete the dialogue with words from the opposite page. RECEPTIONIST: Would you like a room with a CUSTOMER: Yes, please. And with a RECEPTIONIST: All our rooms have a TV, a room for tonight, please? 2 3 , please. 4 and a 5 . I can give you room 25. It has a view of the 6 . Here is your 8 is over there. The room’s on the second floor. 7 . The You need: a the lift b an outside line c a shower d a mini-bar e a hairdryer f a wake-up call g a TV h a key Choose the right words to complete these sentences. At reception / reservation you can order room / lift service. We’d like a two / double room with a view / see of the garden, please. The lift is after / over there. Take it to the second floor / room. Please fill / write in this form / bill. I’d like a sit-up / wake-up call at 7.30 and I’d like to make / have breakfast in my room, please. I have a luggage / reservation for a single / one room with a bathroom. Can I cash / have the bill, please? I’ll check / change it now. I’m leaving today. Can I exchange / order some dollars here before I pay / check out? Write down questions that you can ask in a hotel beginning: Can I … ? Use these words. wake-up call Can I have a wake-up call, please? breakfast in my room bill double room 21.5 ? Match what you want on the left with what you need on the right. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 21.4 double Can I have a You want: 1 to have a drink in your room 2 to go to the top floor 3 to open your door 4 to get up at 6 am 5 to phone your country 6 to watch the news 7 to wash your hair 8 to dry your hair 21.3 1 CUSTOMER: luggage Answer the questions. 1 2 3 4 How much does a hotel room cost in the capital of your country? What is the code for Britain if you phone from your country? What time is breakfast usually in a hotel in your country? Is it most important for you to have a hairdryer, a TV or a mini-bar in a hotel room? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 49 22 Eating out A Places where you can eat B In a restaurant café: you can have a cup of tea / coffee and a snack there (e.g. a sandwich or a cake). They sometimes serve meals too (e.g. lunch, dinner). restaurant: you go there for a meal; more expensive than a café. bar / pub: bars and pubs serve alcohol and soft drinks [non-alcoholic drinks, e.g. fruit juice]; you can usually have a meal or a snack there too. fast food restaurant: you can get a quick hot meal there, for example burger and chips. take-away: you buy a snack or a meal there and take it home to eat. Menu STARTERS Soup of the day (v) Mixed salad (v) MAIN COURSES Steak with chips or new potatoes Fish and chips Vegetable curry (v) Salmon fillet with green beans Burger with chips and mushrooms DESSERTS Chocolate ice cream Apple pie Fruit salad (v = vegetarian) C Expressions Waiter Are you ready to order? Customer Yes, I’d like the steak, please. Waiter Would you like it with chips or new potatoes? Customer With chips, please. Waiter How would you like your steak - rare, medium or well-done? Customer Well-done, please. Waiter And what would you like to drink? Customer I’ll have a coke, please. (later) Waiter Is everything all right? Customer Thank you, it’s delicious. [very good] (later) Customer Could I have the bill, please? Waiter Yes, of course. 50 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 22.1 Look at A opposite. Where would you go to … 1 2 3 4 5 22.2 a take-away Write down the name of a place of this type in your town. 1 2 3 4 5 22.3 buy a meal and take it home to eat? have a romantic dinner for two? eat a quick lunch? have a cake and a cup of coffee? drink a glass of wine with friends? fast food restaurant: café: take-away: restaurant: bar: McDonald’s Choose one of the words in the box which can go with each of the words in each group. steak curry pie soup salad 1 2 3 4 5 22.4 You can have tomato / vegetable / chicken soup as a starter. I’d like the beef / chicken / vegetable as a main course. I’ll have the mixed / tomato / fruit Can I have the apple / chicken , please. Do you like your well-done, medium or rare? Correct the six mistakes in this dialogue. Are you ready for order? to Yes. I like vegetable soup and steak, please. What would you like your steak? Rare, medium or done good? Rare, please. WAITER: What you would like to drink? CUSTOMER: A orange juice, please. WAITER: CUSTOMER: WAITER: CUSTOMER: 22.5 Cover the menu opposite. Write the food you can remember. Look at the menu again and check your answers. 22.6 Answer these questions. 1 2 3 4 What would you choose to eat from the menu opposite? What can vegetarians eat from the menu? Do you like eating out? How often do you go to a restaurant? Over to you Sometimes restaurants in other countries have English menus for tourists. Look at one of these. Write down any useful words you find. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 51 23 A Sports Ball games We play all these sports. football rugby baseball B American football tennis basketball volleyball badminton table tennis Other popular sports running sailing swimming horse racing judo / karate snowboarding motor racing skiing We can use go with all the sports listed in B, apart from judo and karate. I go running every day. I went skiing last year. We use do with judo and karate. She does judo. (See Unit 39: Go / went / gone.) 52 C Where we do sports D Expressions We play tennis / badminton / volleyball / basketball on a tennis / badminton / volleyball / basketball court. We play football / rugby on a football / rugby pitch. We swim in a swimming pool. Many towns have a sports centre - you can do lots of different sports there. Do you do any sports? Yes, I go swimming / running / sailing / kayaking. Do you play football / tennis / badminton? I play tennis. Which sports do you play? What’s your favourite sport? I like motor racing best. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary kayaking Exercises 23.1 Cover the opposite page. What are these sports? 1 rugby 2 23.2 5 4 6 Which sports use these things? 1 kayaking 2 23.3 3 3 5 7 4 6 8 Ask questions for these answers. 1 Where do people play tennis? On a tennis court. 2 Do you Yes, but only American football. 3 No, I don’t do any at all. I prefer watching TV. 4 Do you Yes, I go to the swimming pool every Friday. 5 What I like running best. 6 Where On a rugby pitch. 23.4 Look at the different sports in this unit. 1 2 3 4 5 Write the names of the sports you have done. Where did you do them? Which ones do you like? Which do you not like? Which ones would you like to do? Over to you Make a page in your vocabulary book for ‘sports’. Look at the sports pages of an English-language newspaper. Write down the names of sports you do not know. Look them up in a dictionary. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 53 24 A Cinema Types of films a western a cartoon an action film B a science fiction film a horror film a comedy a musical a thriller a romantic comedy People in films Monica Bellucci is a film star. She was in the new James Bond film. Daniel Radcliffe played Harry Potter in the Harry Potter films. I like films by Italian directors. C Expressions A Have you seen the latest James Bond film? B Yes, I saw it on TV. A Did you like the new Batman film? B Yes, I loved it / enjoyed it. No, it was boring. Common mistakes What’s on at the cinema this week? [NOT What’s on the cinema this week?] There’s a comedy with Jennifer Aniston. A Do you like westerns? B No, I like science fiction films best. A The best action film I’ve seen was Jason Bourne with Matt Damon. B If I see a horror film, I can’t sleep. Common mistakes Do you go to the cinema often? [NOT Do you go to cinema often?] Yes, I go every week. No, I watch DVDs at home. 54 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 24.1 What types of films are these? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 24.2 Some cowboys rob a train. western A flying saucer lands from Mars. A dead person comes back to life. James Bond saves the world. Mickey Mouse goes on a picnic. A man falls in love with his teacher. A dead body is found in the river. There are lots of songs and dancing. Write the name of a film of each type. 1 2 3 4 5 6 science fiction romantic comedy thriller western musical cartoon Interstellar 24.3 Word puzzle. Can you make words for other types of films with the letters of ROMANTIC? TH R ILLE R O R C M Y A T N S NC F N W T N M IC L CA OO 24.4 Fill the gaps in these sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 24.5 Do you prefer going to the cinema or watching TV? We a DVD last night. Who James Bond in Skyfall? Was Rachel Weisz The Constant Gardener? Lots of big live in Hollywood. Steven Spielberg is a famous American film Answer these questions. 1 2 3 4 5 What is your favourite type of film? Who is your favourite film star? Do you prefer going to the cinema or watching DVDs? What was the last film you saw? How can you find out what is on at the cinema where you live or study? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 55 25 A Free time at home TV, radio, music, film I watch TV every evening. Did you watch / see the film about President Kennedy? What programmes do you like best on TV and radio? I like watching films on TV. (You can also say: I like to watch …) At the weekend, we usually watch a DVD. I like listening to music on the radio. (You can also say: I like to listen …) I often listen to music on my phone when I’m relaxing. I need some new headphones for my phone. B Hobbies C Reading D Expressions A lot of young people play video games every day. I download music and films from the Internet. I chat to my friends online every evening. I really like cooking. Do you like gardening? /ˈgɑːdnɪŋ/ We grow flowers and vegetables in our garden. I read a lot at home. What do you read? I read novels [long stories]. My sister likes comics. I like books about nature and different countries. I like magazines about music and sport. Do you read a newspaper every day? We sometimes have friends round [we ask them to come to our house / flat]. I often have friends to dinner. My best friend comes to stay sometimes. [sleeps in my house / flat] I talk to my friends on the phone every evening. Sometimes, I just do nothing. Grandpa likes to have a sleep after lunch. Common mistakes We watch TV [NOT see TV] and we listen to the radio [NOT hear or listen the radio]. 56 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 25.1 What are these people doing? 1 She’s watching TV. 2 He’s 25.2 4 He’s 6 He’s to I usually listen to music on my laptop at home. I like magazines more than newspapers. I to my sister on the phone every Sunday. A lot of people like to a sleep after lunch. Do you ever friends to dinner? The children video games every evening. I want to some music from the Internet this evening. Did you the programme about Namibia yesterday? My dad vegetables in his garden. Shall we a DVD tonight? Answer these questions. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 25.4 a 5 She’s Fill in the missing verbs. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 25.3 3 He’s When you have friends round, what do you like to do? Who comes to stay at your house / flat? What do you like to read most? How often do you talk to your friends on the phone? Do you have a garden? Do you like gardening? How often do you chat to your friends online? Do you often download music or films from the Internet? What is your favourite video game? When do you use headphones? Interesting or boring? Number these activities from 5 (= very interesting) to 1 (= very boring). gardening cooking reading listening to music doing nothing using the Internet chatting online watching DVDs English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 57 26 A Music and musical instruments Music, musical and musician Music is an uncountable noun. We do not use it in the plural. The band played fantastic music for more than two hours [NOT fantastic musics]. Musical is an adjective. There is a shop on King Street that sells musical instruments [NOT music instruments]. A musician (noun) is a person. My brother is a very good musician. He plays three instruments. B Musical instruments flute piano cello violin trumpet C Playing musical instruments D Listening to music guitar clarinet Ava plays the clarinet. Her brother plays the drums. Krishnan is learning the guitar. His friend, Isabella, has piano lessons. Mia is a very good flute-player. She plays in an orchestra. Her friend, Nuria, is a good trumpet-player. Lucas is an excellent violinist. His sister is a good pianist. Can you play a musical instrument? Charlotte loves classical music. (for example, Beethoven, Mozart) [NOT classic music] Harper can’t stand opera [dislikes it very much]. She prefers pop music. I like folk music, jazz and rock. I often listen to music on the train. I downloaded some new songs yesterday. Do you want to hear them? Common mistakes A band means a group of musicians. Nuala had a really good band at her 21st birthday party. [NOT ‘a really good music band’] A concert means an event with music. We’re going to a concert tonight. [NOT ‘a music concert’] 58 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary drums Exercises 26.1 Choose the correct word: music, musical or musician. 1 2 3 4 5 6 26.2 What are your favourite types of music ? My brother thinks he’s a good , but he’s very bad! Can you play a instrument? I love different types of , for example, jazz, rock and classical. Which instrument would you like to learn? Are there any in your family? Look at the pictures and complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 26.3 Mason Emily Madison Noah Emma Abigail William Ella Madison plays the violin plays the cello in an Noah loves playing the Emily is having a lesson. Mason is a very good -player. Ella plays the every evening. William the Emma is learning the . She will be a good fluteis a violinist. wants to be a pianist. one day. Choose the correct answer, a, b or c. 1 I love a) classic b) classical c) classist music. Beethoven is my favourite. 2 My brother a) can’t stand b) can stand c) can’t stay folk music but I love it. 3 I have some tickets for a a) concert music b) music concert c) concert at the Town Hall. Would you like one? 4 I always a) listen in b) listen to c) listen music when I’m studying. 5 My sister plays in a a) music band b) band music c) band with three other girls from her school. 26.4 Answer these questions. 1 2 3 4 5 How often do you download music? Which musical instrument on the opposite page do you like best? Can you play a musical instrument? Which musical instrument would you like to learn? Do you prefer classical music or pop music? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 59 27 A Countries and nationalities Continents and countries continent country continent country North America Canada Australia Australia the USA / the US South America Europe Argentina New Zealand Asia China Brazil India Chile Japan Colombia Pakistan Peru Thailand Germany Africa Egypt Italy Morocco Poland South Africa Spain Tunisia the UK Antarctica It is not possible to show all the countries of the world on a small page. If your country is not included, check its English name with your teacher or on the Internet. Common mistakes All the nouns and adjectives for continents, countries and nationalies always begin with a capital letter, for example Africa [NOT africa]. B Nationalities notes adjective most country adjectives end in (i)an American, Argentinian, Australian, Brazilian, Canadian, Colombian, Egyptian, German, Indian, Italian, Moroccan, Peruvian, South African, Tunisian many country adjectives end in ish British, English, Finnish, Irish, Polish, Scottish, Spanish a few country adjectives end in ese Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese exceptions Pakistani, Thai, French Tip Remember that words for languages are often the same as the ‘people’ adjective, e.g. French, Spanish, Japanese and Thai. One exception is Arabic. 60 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 27.1 Which countries do these letters make? 1 HINAC 2 ZIRALB 3 PINSA 27.2 Match these capital cities to their countries and make sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 27.3 4 OCRMOOC 5 ANJAP 6 DALTHINA China Tokyo Tokyo is the capital of Japan. Rome Canberra Bogotá Cairo London Berlin Warsaw Buenos Aires Madrid Argentina Australia Colombia Egypt Germany Italy Japan Poland Spain the UK Which country is different? (Think of the languages they speak there.) Write sentences. 1 Australia, Canada, England, Iceland 2 3 4 5 27.4 Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Spain Austria, Germany, Italy, Switzerland China, Egypt, Morocco, Saudi Arabia Canada, France, Scotland, Switzerland What is the adjective for these countries? 1 2 3 4 5 27.5 In England, Canada and Australia they speak English but in Iceland they speak Icelandic. Indian Indian Thailand Germany Egypt Argentina 6 7 8 9 10 Spain Peru China Australia Poland Write down: 1 2 3 4 the name of your country. the names of the countries next to your country. the name of your language. the name for people from your country. Over to you In which continents are these places? Use the Internet to help you. Mount Everest Asia The Sahara The Amazon Wagga Wagga The Volga Mount Kilimanjaro The Mississippi Mount Fuji Lake Titicaca English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 61 28 A Weather Types of weather sun snow rain fog B cloud wind thunder lightning Adjectives and verbs noun adjective sun sunny rain rainy wind windy cloud cloudy snow snowy fog foggy thunder thundery lightning - C Other useful weather words D Expressions It is very hot in Mexico - it is often 45 degrees there in summer. It is very cold in the Arctic - it is often minus 50 degrees there. It can be very wet in London - carry an umbrella when you go sightseeing there. It is very dry in the Sahara - it doesn’t often rain there. A hurricane is a very strong wind. A storm is when there is a strong wind and rain together. A thunderstorm is when there is thunder, lightning, rain and sometimes wind together. It’s a sunny day in Tokyo today, but it’s cloudy in Hong Kong. It’s foggy in Sydney and it’s snowing / it’s snowy in Moscow. It’s raining in Barcelona but the sun is shining in Granada. Common mistakes It’s a lovely day. It’s a horrible day, isn’t it! What’s the weather like in your country in June? It’s usually warm and sunny. We say It’s windy / cloudy / foggy / sunny [NOT It’s winding / clouding / fogging / sunning]. Tip Watch the weather forecast in English on TV or online as often as you can. 62 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 28.1 Match the words and the symbols. 1 snow a 2 sun 3 rain b e 28.2 28.3 6 wind c f 7 cloud d g Hanoi 1 It is sunny in Hanoi. Hong Kong 2 It is raining in Hong Kong. La Paz 3 It is Paris 4 It Tashkent 5 Seoul 6 Washington 7 Complete these sentences with a word from the opposite page. The sun shone every day last month. When it , I take my umbrella. What’s the like in your country in January? When it , we can go skiing. You see before you hear thunder. It is 24 here today. It is dangerous to be in a small boat at sea in a It is very in Siberia in winter. Are these sentences true about the weather in your country? If not, correct them. 1 2 3 4 5 6 28.5 5 lightning Look at the chart. Write sentences about the cities in the chart. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 28.4 4 fog It often snows in December. It sometimes snows in December. It is usually 40 degrees in summer and minus 20 degrees in winter. There are thunderstorms every day in August. It is very wet in spring. We never have hurricanes. Summer is usually hot and dry. What do you like to do or not like to do in these types of weather? 1 fog I don’t like to drive. 2 sunny weather 3 a rainy day 4 snow 5 a windy day English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 63 29 In the town A Places in the town B Notices in towns C Asking for and giving directions Train station / railway station - you can get a train here. Bus station - you can get a bus here. Shops - you can buy things here. (See Unit 19: Shops and shopping.) Shopping centre - area of town with a lot of shops. Tourist information office - tourists can get information here. Museum - you can see interesting old things here. Bank - you can change money here or get money from a cash machine. Post office - you can post letters and parcels here. Library /ˈlaIbr@ri/ - you can read books and newspapers here. Town hall - local government officers work here. Car park - you can park your car here. Pedestrian area /ˈe@ri@/ - you can only walk here, you can’t come here by car. A: Where is the bus station? B: Go left here and it’s at the end of the road. A: How do I get to Market Street? B: Take the first right and then the second left. A: Is there a shopping centre near here? B: Yes, turn right here. The entrance is on Market Street on the left. A: Can I park here? B: No, but there’s a car park on Park Street. A: Excuse me, I’m looking for the museum. B: It’s on Bridge Road. Take the number 31 bus and get off at the second stop. A: Can you tell me the way to the nearest bank, please? I need a cash machine. B: No problem. Go left here and there’s one on the other side of the road. 64 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 29.1 Answer the questions. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 29.2 Which notice from B opposite will help you? 1 2 3 4 5 29.3 The cash machine doesn’t give you any money. Out of order You are in the shopping centre and you want to leave. You want to sit in a place where there are no cigarettes. You want to know if people can go on the grass. You want to go into the museum. Complete these sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 29.4 Where can I get a bus to London? at the bus station Where can I get information about hotels? Where can I change money? Where can I park my car? Where can I see old and interesting things? Where can I get a train? Where can I go to a lot of different shops? Where can I go to post a parcel? Turn right at the end of the road. The bus is over there the left. For the Town Hall the number 14 bus. is a post office on the other of the road. You can find a cash at the bank in High Street. We can get a map of the town at the tourist office. Can you tell me the to the railway , please? me. I’m looking a car park. What words are these? 1 2 3 4 5 sumuem museum nowt hlal brilyra rac prak ywrlaai nttoisa 6 7 8 9 10 dtaeepsrin raae scah enicmah tsop ffcoie phoss sub post 29.5 Look at the map in C opposite. How do you get from the tourist information office to the shopping centre? Write directions. 29.6 Does your town have these places? Where are they? Write sentences. 1 2 3 4 a train station There’s a train station. It’s at the end of Station Road. a bus station 5 a town hall a shopping centre 6 a pedestrian area a library 7 a tourist information office 8 a museum 9 a post office Tip Keep a notebook in your pocket. Many towns in different countries have notices in English to help tourists. Write down any English words and expressions that you see in your town. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 65 30 In the countryside The countryside and the country both mean ‘not the city’. Country can also mean a nation (e.g. France, China). A Things we can see in the countryside mountains forest village hills wood lake fields path country road B Living and working in the countryside C Nature /ˈneɪtʃə/ and conservation /kɒnsəˈveɪʃən/ river farm In the countryside, people usually live in a small town (e.g. 6,000 people) or village /vɪlɪdʒ/ (e.g. 700 people). A farmer lives on a farm and works in the fields. My friend lives in a cottage /ˈkɒtɪdʒ/ [small house in a village or the countryside]. Nature means ‘everything in the natural world’. (= animals, birds, plants, etc.) There is wonderful wildlife in the north of the country. [animals, birds, fish and insects] Near the village there is a conservation area [place where wildlife and nature are protected]. Common mistakes I love nature [NOT I love the nature]. I like walking in the countryside [NOT I like walking in the nature]. ‘Nature’ is not a place. In the south of the country, there is a national park [very big national conservation area]. wildlife D 66 Things to do in the countryside You can take food and drink and have a picnic. You can go walking / skiing in the mountains. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 30.1 Cover the opposite page. How many names of things in the countryside can you remember? 1 mountains 3 2 4 5 11 10 30.2 6 My brother is a farmer. He lives on a farm It’s not a big house; it’s just a The farm is near a which has 800 people. Twenty kilometres from the village there is a small . It has 9,000 people. We went swimming We went walking We went skiing We saw some wonderful wildlife We had a picnic a b c d e sitting by the river. in the national park. in the lake. The water was warm. along a five-kilometre path. down the mountain. Put the in the sentences if necessary. 1 2 3 4 30.5 7 Match the beginning of the sentences on the left with the ends of the sentences on the right. 1 2 3 4 5 30.4 8 Fill the gaps in these sentences. 1 2 3 4 30.3 9 My parents live in the countryside. He loves nature. She wants to live in country. They are interested in wildlife. Describe the typical countryside where you come from. Write eight sentences about it. Use these questions to help you. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Are there any woods or forests? There are some big forests. Are there any hills or mountains? Are there any lakes or rivers? Are there many villages or small towns? Are there farms? Are there paths where you can walk? Can you go skiing? Can you see wildlife? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 67 31 A Animals Farm animals pig cow horse B animal produce baby horse hair, meat foal cow milk, leather, meat (beef) calf sheep wool, meat (lamb) lamb pig meat (pork, bacon, ham) piglet chicken / hen eggs, meat (chicken) chick goat milk, meat kid Wild or zoo animals monkey elephant C goat sheep chicken / hen giraffe tiger snake lion Pets These animals are often pets. tortoise fish rabbit cat parrot A parrot is a bird. D 68 Expressions Take your dog for a walk every day. You must feed your animals and give them water every day. Do you have any pets? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary dog Exercises 31.1 Complete these sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 31.2 A A tortoise goes to sleep in winter. has a very long neck. and are birds. and are large cats. You can ride a and an swim and fly. are farm birds. are very good at hopping and jumping. Don’t forget to the cat and to it some water. I my dog for a walk every day before school. Match the animal with its meat and with its baby. animal goat sheep cow hen pig 31.3 baby calf piglet lamb kid chick Look at the animals opposite. Find three animals which: 1 2 3 4 31.4 meat lamb chicken pork beef goat lions, eat meat. give us things that we wear. produce their babies in eggs. we can eat. Look at the pictures and complete the crossword. 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 p a r r o t 4 Across 3 6 7 Down 1 2 4 5 8 9 31.5 There are 18 different animals in the pictures on the opposite page. Close the book. How many of these animals can you remember? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 69 32 A Travelling Types of transport train bus car (aero)plane motorbike / motorcycle B bicycle / bike underground taxi helicopter boat ship Useful travel words map timetable customs luggage passport Can I have a single / return (ticket) to Barcelona, please? (single = Madrid to Barcelona; return = Madrid to Barcelona and back to Madrid) I’d like to book / reserve a seat in advance [to make sure you have a seat]. Common mistakes Was the journey long? [NOT Was the travel long?] 70 C By train D By plane E By car The train arriving at platform 3 is the 16:50 train to Paris. The Edinburgh train departs / leaves from platform 6. (departs is formal) Is there a restaurant car on this train? A: Do I have to change trains for Toulouse? [get off one train and get onto another] B: No, it’s a direct train. You have to check in two hours before the plane takes off [leaves the ground]. Online check-in is also possible. / You can check in online. Common mistakes Give your boarding card to the flight attendant when you get on the plane. I went through customs but nobody Have a good flight. checked my passport [NOT controlled The plane lands in New York at 14:30. my passport]. After landing you have to go through customs. We hired a car for a week. We had to fill it up with petrol. Can I give you a lift? I’m going into town. (See Unit 18: Holidays and Unit 49: Moving for more useful words about travelling.) English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 32.1 Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 32.2 land direct restaurant car ship timetable platform luggage a b c d e f g a place to eat on a train bags and suitcases it says when trains depart and arrive you do not have to change to a different plane / train / bus planes do this at airports it travels on water, e.g. the Titanic where you stand when you are waiting for a train Are these sentences true or false? Correct the false sentences. 1 A single ticket takes you to a place and back again. 2 3 4 5 6 32.3 False. A return ticket takes you to a place and back again. At customs, people check what you bring into the country. Planes land at the beginning of a journey. You need a boarding card to get off a plane. Hiring a car is the same as buying a car. If you give someone a lift they travel in your car. Here are directions from the airport to John’s house. When you arrive at the airport, take a number 10 bus to the station. Then take a train to Bigtown. The journey takes half an hour and you get off the train at the second stop. Take a taxi from the station to John’s house. Now write directions from the train station to your house. 32.4 Look at the pictures and complete the crossword. Across 3 Down 1 1 6 2 6 7 3 8 4 8 t i m e t a 7 b l e 2 3 4 5 5 Over to you Make cards to test yourself. Write the word on one side of the card and a picture (or a definition or translation) on the other side. Look at the pictures (or definitions or translations). Can you remember the English words? English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 71 33 A B UK culture Special days festival date what people do Christmas 25th December send Christmas cards, give presents, spend time with their families, decorate a Christmas tree, eat a lot New Year’s Eve / Hogmanay (Scotland) 31st December sing and dance, toast the New Year New Year’s Day 1st January a bank holiday [day when most organisations are closed] Valentine’s Day 14th February send cards to boyfriend / girlfriend / husband / wife Easter dates vary give children Easter eggs [chocolate eggs] Halloween 31st October children dress up, children knock at doors and ask for sweets Bonfire Night 5th November have a bonfire and fireworks Food Traditional UK food is fish and chips and roast beef and roast potatoes [cooked in the oven] with Yorkshire pudding [dish made of flour, milk and eggs]. Chicken tikka masala [a kind of curry] comes from India, but is very popular in the UK. C D 72 Education type of school what it is nursery school for children aged 2-4 primary school for children aged 5-11 secondary school for children aged 12-18 state school parents don’t pay for children to go here private school parents pay for children to go here Politics The UK has a royal family, with a king or a queen. Political decisions are made at the Houses of Parliament. The Prime Minister is the political leader of the UK. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 33.1 33.2 33.3 Which festivals do these pictures show? 1 Halloween 3 5 2 4 6 Look at the pictures. Find 10 more words connected with food in the puzzle. I C K E N F D K N R Y O R K S H I R E P O C V O M T R S M V U A Q E W A A T H X L D S M V C S H G E Q L D T P O T A T O E S C I D F G B L B K U V U N X Z O E A P I V Z R G A N D E C H I P S R B C W Q F T I K K A Y J What do British people traditionally eat with fish? chips Where does chicken tikka masala come from? What is chicken tikka masala a kind of? Do British people eat Yorkshire pudding after their main course? In or on which part of the cooker do you make roast beef and roast potatoes? Which kind of school do these British children go to? 1 2 3 4 5 33.5 H Answer these questions about traditional UK food. 1 2 3 4 5 33.4 C Lily is seven. Her parents pay for her to go to school. a private primary school Gabriel is 14. His school is free. James and Ellie are three. Mehmet is ten. His parents don’t pay for him to go to school. Nick is 16. His parents pay for him to go to school. Answer these questions about politics in the UK. 1 Who is Prime Minister at the moment? 2 Where does the Prime Minister work? 3 Who is head of the royal family at the moment? Tip Learn about UK life by using the BBC Learning English website which has up-to-date articles and news stories: http://www.bbc.co.uk/ learningenglish/ English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 73 34 A Crime Crimes and criminals crime robbery murder /ˈmɜːdə/ burglary /ˈbɜːgləri/ mugging [attacking a person in a public place and stealing their money] person a robber a murderer a burglar a mugger verb to robsomebody or a place (e.g. a bank) to murder somebody to break into a house / flat (break / broke / broken) to mug somebody crime car theft drug dealing terrorism shoplifting person a car thief /θiːf/ a drug dealer a terrorist a shoplifter verb to steal a car (steal / stole / stolen) to sell drugs (sell / sold / sold) to attack somebody or to steal things from a place a shop There was a burglary at the school last night. John West murdered his wife. There are a lot of muggings in the city centre. The bank was robbed yesterday. My sister was robbed last week. Common mistakes A thief steals something (steal / stole / stolen). Somebody stole my bicycle. [NOT Somebody robbed my bicycle.] I was robbed last night. [NOT I was stolen.] 74 B The law /lɔː/ C Other crime problems A student was arrested for shoplifting this morning. The police came to the school and spoke to his teacher. The student has to go to court next week. If he is guilty he will have to pay a fine. /ˈgɪlti/ If he is innocent he can go home. /ˈɪnəsənt/ I don’t think he will go to prison. Some vandals broke the windows in the telephone box. [A vandal breaks and smashes things.] We have a lot of vandalism in my town. A lot of people take drugs nowadays. Is football hooliganism a problem in your country? /ˈhuːlɪgənɪzm/ [A football hooligan is a person who goes to a football match and makes trouble.] English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 34.1 What do we call someone … 1 2 3 4 5 6 34.2 Fill the gaps in these sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 34.3 There were a lot of football h ooligans near the stadium. The police officer arr her for shoplifting. Some van destroyed all the flowers in the park. He had to pay a fi of £50 for parking his car in the wrong place. There are a lot of bur in this part of the city, so always close the windows. The police made a mistake; she was inn . She did not steal the money. A group of terr have attacked the airport. He murdered his wife. He was in pr for 20 years. True or false? 1 2 3 4 5 34.4 who steals cars? a car thief who kills someone? who steals things from shops? who robs people’s houses and flats? who attacks someone in the street and steals their money? who sells illegal drugs? A burglar goes into someone’s house and steals things. True Vandals take people’s money. A murderer kills someone. A car thief is someone who drives very badly or dangerously. If you are guilty it means you are the person who did the crime. Choose the right word to complete each sentence. 1 2 3 4 5 6 My brother was robbed / stolen yesterday. Someone robbed / stole my bike last night. My local bank has been robbed / stolen. Who has robbed / stolen my pen? Someone robbed / stole our TV when we were on holiday. Where were you when your keys were robbed / stolen? Over to you Give your opinion. What do you think should happen to these people? 1 A man murdered his wife and three children. He should go to prison for 30 years. 2 A student with no money stole a book from a bookshop. 3 A woman sold some drugs to a teenager. 4 Some terrorists attacked a bus and killed five people. 5 A woman parked her car and blocked the traffic. 6 A teenager damaged some trees in the park. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary 75 35 The media A Radio and TV programmes B Newspapers and magazines The news is on TV at 6 o’clock every night. [important things that happen] Do you watch soaps / soap operas? Home and Away is my favourite. [Soaps are stories about people’s lives. They are often on TV every day.] I like nature programmes best. [programmes about animals, birds, etc.] I watched a documentary last night about drugs and crime. [programme looking at a social problem or question] In talk shows, people talk about themselves or discuss topics with an interviewer. The children watch cartoons on Saturday mornings. (For example, Disney films with animals that talk. See Unit 24: Cinema.) My brother likes watching reality TV [programmes that film real people living their lives, not actors]. I always watch sports programmes. In most countries there are morning (news)papers and evening (news)papers. Every month, I buy a magazine. My mother buys women’s magazines. I like news magazines like Newsweek and Time. In most magazines and newspapers there are lots of adverts / advertisements [something that tries to persuade people to buy something]. Other types of magazines: sports magazines / computer magazines / teenage magazines. (See Unit 25: Free time at home.) C People and the media D Expressions There was an interview with the US President on TV last night. The reporters are outside the film star’s house. [people who go out and get the news stories where they happen] My sister is a journalist; she writes for The Oxford Times newspaper. [person who writes articles] You can read newspapers or watch TV online. What’s your favourite TV programme? What’s on TV tonight? Is it OK if I change the channel? Common mistakes The news is on now. [NOT The news are on now.] 76 English Vocabulary in Use Elementary Exercises 35.1 Fill the gaps in these sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 35.2 Match the left-hand column with the type of programme on the right. 1 2 3 4 5 6 35.3 Talking about family problems Film of elephants in Africa Football cup final Reports from all over the world Maria decides not to marry Philip Ten people in a house - they cannot leave or talk to anyone outside a b c d e f International news Sports programme Reality TV programme Soap (opera) Nature programme Talk show What do you call … 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 35.4 Ten million people watch this programme every week. It’s very popular. The news on channel 3 at 9 o’clock every night. There was a about traffic problems in cities on TV last night. I saw a programme about birds in Antarctica. My sister is 13; she reads a magazine every week. She likes the stories about boys. With my mobile I can read the sports news I’d like to watch the news now. Is it OK if I the chan